Whenever Snodgrass had the ball at his feet it spelt danger for Forest, from set-pieces in particular.
Six minutes after Hogan’s goal, he dropped a left-wing free kick from the left on to the head of Terry, who thundered it against the bar. Three minutes into the second half, with Forest ready for another cross after conceding a free kick wide on the right, he went for goal himself and Smith had to scramble across sharply to deny him.
Karanka, the 10th manager Forest have appointed in six-and-a-half years, will have seen plenty to encourage him, at least in terms of endeavour. Kieran Dowell went close late on and against less robust opposition they might well have been rewarded. But even after losing Glenn Whelan to injury halfway through, Villa never lost their shape and discipline with goalkeeper Sam Johnstone a solid last line.
The reality for Forest is that they are 15th in the table, without a league win in six and a record against teams in the top six this season of one point from eight matches. That tells its own story.